Summary of Canadian Journal of Psychology Years 1979 and 1982

Diana A. DiNatale & Christine Johnson
Department of Psychology
Simon Fraser University

The Canadian Journal of Psychology focused on cognition in 1979. Many areas of cognition were covered. Issues like mental rotation and recall were among the many topics related to cognitive psychology. There was also an interesting switch to music and recognition of melodies. The issue at the end of 1979 was larger than usual and dedicated to infant perception. A very wide variety of things were covered that still centered around cognitive psychology. Encoding and context became a focal point as well as the levels of processing. There were some brain studies done at the end of the year but they used rats as subjects. Attention was examined as well as cross-modal transfer.

Most of the authors in 1979 were not French. In fact, there was only one French author and the article was actually translated to English. The ratio of English to French is approximately 40 : 1. The contributing universities in 1979 were mostly from Eastern Canada. The biggest contributor being University of Toronto and McMaster University. There were various contributions from the United States. Harvard University and University of Denver were out of 5 US contributors. Oxford University contributed 2 entries in 1979, which was pretty high. Western university contributions were from Alberta U, University of British Columbia, and University of Victoria.

The years of 1980 and 1981 were very prolific years for the Canadian Journal of Psychology . Different types of trends were found during these years that distinguished themselves from other findings published in the years immediately surrounding 1980 and 1981. During these two years, it was found that psychological research heavily investigated the area of cognitive processes. Researchers were interested in explaining how cognitive processes operate. With the information gained from the research on cognitive processes, practical implications could be offered such as the development of strategies to improve memory. Specifically, the areas of cognition that were studied by researchers were memory, perception, information processing, psycholinguistics, audition, imagery, learning, intelligence, and sleep. These researchers most often used human subjects rather than animals because the nature of the experiments did not create ethical concerns for humans and results obtained from human subjects could be better generalized to other humans.

Since the Canadian Journal of Psychology is a Canadian journal as its name obviously implies, it would be expected that the researchers that summit articles to the journal would be Canadian. For the most part this is true; however, for the years 1980 and 1981 Canadian contributors were not distributed equally across the country. The Canadian contributions made up approximately 75% of all the articles published during these years; of these contributions, all but two articles from the University of Alberta were from eastern Canada. Surprisingly, the University of British Columbia did not publish any articles during these years; this is surprising when looking at the number of contributions made by UBC in other years. 10% of the articles published in these years originated from three foreign countries: England, France and Australia. Approximately 15% of the contributions came from American Universities.

Since Canada is a bilingual country and those that speak French live mostly in the eastern part of Canada, it would be expected that some articles submitted to the Canadian Journal of Psychology be published in French. Only approximately 10% of all the articles submitted for the two years, 1980 and 1981, were published in French. Of the Canadian universities, approximately 15% of the articles were published in French. All other articles not written in French were published in English.

The 1982 Canadian Journal of Psychology was mostly interested in cognition. There were more brain studies being conducted as well as further research on the levels of processing. There was also a focus on music recognition and recall. Several issues relating to perception were investigated as well as attention. The shift to context as it applies to cognition is very apparent this year. It is becoming a battle ground for researchers. Rats are still the subjects of choice when it comes to brain lesions.

French contributors are still very small and the ratio for 1982 is approximately 40 : 6. This is still quite a small amount. The Eastern Canadian universities have a stronghold this year with the largest contributions coming from University of Toronto and University of Western Ontario. Queens University was also a big contributor. For the West coast U.B.C. had an impressive 3 contributions. The U.S. had a few contributors. They were also dominated by the East. Massachusetts Institute of Technology contributed one article as well as the University of Pittsburgh.